OLD PHOTOS of JAPAN, a photo blog of Japan in the Meiji, Taisho and Showa periods

Old Photos of Japan
shows photos of Japan between the 1860s and 1930s. In 1854, Japan opened its doors to the outside world for the first time in more than 200 years. It set in motion a truly astounding transformation. As fate would have it, photography had just been invented. As the old country vanished and a new one was born, daring photographers took photos. Discover what life was like with their rare and precious photographs of old Japan.
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    Wow, it is amazing to compare the landscapes of Japan from the past to the …

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Over 500 beautiful photographs and postcards, mostly of between 1900 and 1940, take you back to Japan’s now-extinct licensed pleasure districts. You will keep opening up this book again and again. A beauty!

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Tokyo 1920s • Hanayashiki, Asakusa Park

Hanayashiki at Asakusa Park, Tokyo

Asakusa Park was to Meiji Tokyo what Shibuya is today, a place for the middle and lower class masses to go and amuse themselves at low cost. Hanayashiki was the top crowd puller here. Opened as a flower park in 1853 by a gardener named Rokusaburo Morita, it soon began its amazing transformation into an amusement center with tea shops, entertainment and animal exhibits.

Although the words hanayashiki and yuenchi nowadays make Japanese immediately think of amusement parks, they originally had quite different meanings. Hanayashiki referred to public flower gardens, while yuen was the Japanese translation for park. Asakusa’s Hanayashiki, generally seen as Japan’s very first amusement park, played an important role in altering these meanings.

Hanayashiki’s metamorphosis started around 1872 with the installation of “exercise machines.” Around 1883, the first pavilions were opened. But it took a young lumber dealer by the name of Kinzo Yamamoto to make the transformation complete after he became manager of the park in the late 1880s.

He had a five-story pavilion called Ozankaku transferred to the park in 1887. This “skyscraper” enthralled visitors when it was opened in 1888, two years before the opening of the 12-story Ryounkaku. The following year a diorama gallery displaying historical scenes was constructed. A year after, a gramophone was installed at Ozankaku, followed by a merry-go-round. The park also introduced exotic birds, animals and movies.1

Yamamoto’s efforts were a great success. “Hanayashiki, located in the fifth district of the park, is the No. 1 entertainment place in the park,” proclaimed a contemporary source published in 1903.2

Hanayashiki, Asakusa
Hanayashiki around 1910 (postcard)

The area next to Hanayashiki followed its example. Japan’s first Ferris wheel was transferred to this location from a fair held in Ueno Park in 1907 and a large number of theaters for plays and movies were build.

Hanayashiki never stood still. The world’s first tiger quintuplets were born here in 1923 and it was here that the first birth of a lion in Japan took place in 1931.3

The combination of zoo and amusement park, first explored by Hanayashiki, became so popular that it can still be seen in Japan today. Until Tokyo Disneyland was opened in Chiba in 1983, animal exhibits were a mainstay of Japanese amusement parks. Many Japanese zoos still offer rides for children.

When the Togo Company took over operations of the park in 1949, a host of new rides were introduced. In January 2004 Togo declared bankruptcy and sold Hanayashiki to Bandai, a Japanese toy company, which to this very day runs Hanayashiki as a popular amusement park.

In a way, the park has mirrored Japan’s own remarkable transformation. It opened in the same year that Commodore Perry’s Black Ships arrived at Uraga Harbor and has been able to adjust itself to the times ever since.

Asakusa, Tokyo
1879 (Meiji 12) and 1923 (Taisho 12) Map of Asakusa: 1. Hanayashiki; 2. Asakusa Temple; 3. Sumidagawa. The red color on the 1923 map shows the area where fires raged after the Great Kanto Earthquake.


1 National Diet Library, Asakusa Hanayashiki: Transformation from a Park to an Amusement Park. Retrieved on 2008-03-26.

2 岩崎徂堂 (Iwasaki, Sodou) (1903). 新事業発見法 (Shinjigyou Hakkenhou). 東京:大学館 (Tokyo: Daigakkukan), 103.

3 Asakusa Hanayashiki, Asakusa Hanayashiki. Retrieved on 2008-03-26.

Photographer: Unknown
Publisher: Unknown
Medium: Postcard
Image Number 70116-0008

Quote this number when you contact us about licensing this image.
You can also licence this image online: 70116-0008 @ MeijiShowa.com.

Usage of this image requires a reproduction fee.
Reference for Citations

Duits, K. (2008, March 16). Tokyo 1920s • Hanayashiki, Asakusa Park, Old Photos of Japan. Retrieved on 2021, Jun 19 from https://www.oldphotosjapan.com/photos/53/hanayashiki-asukusa-park

Posted by • 2008-03-16
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Wow, it is amazing to compare the landscapes of Japan from the past to the landscape of today. Obviously there’s so much more culture in the buildings of the past, than the industrial towers of today’s cities.

#000017 · Herbalife · 2008-04-11

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