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80115-0024 - Dotonbori Canal and Ebisubashi Bridge, Osaka, 1880s

Osaka 1880s
Dotonbori Canal

Artist Adolfo Farsari
Publisher Adolfo Farsari
Medium Albumen Print
Period Meiji
Location Osaka
Image No. 80115-0024
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The Dotonbori canal and Ebisubashi bridge in Osaka’s famed entertainment district. Wooden teahouses crowd the bank of the canal.

Italian born photographer Adolfo Farsari (1841–1898) shot this photograph facing east sometime between 1877 (Meiji 10) and 1887 (Meiji 20). At the time, the city experienced a high level of prosperity as can be seen by the presence of gas lamps on the right side of the bridge.1

90320-9156 - Osaka's Ebisubashi in 2009.
Osaka's Ebisubashi in 2009, photographed from approximately the same location.

Dotonbori’s origins date back to 1612 (Keicho 17) when the administrator of new canals Nariyasu Doton (成安道頓) began building a canal on the southern edge of Osaka. Unfortunately, he was killed in the Summer Siege of Osaka Castle (1615) before he could finish the job.2

The canal was completed by his apprentices, among which Yasui Douboku (安井道ト). Amazingly, in the same year that the siege took place.

The new waterway was initially called Shinkawa (New River), but the new lord of Osaka Castle, Matsudaira Tadaaki (松平忠明, 1583–1644), decided to rename it Dotonbori (Doton Canal) in memory of its creator.

Over the years a story evolved that the canal had been created by a certain Yasui Doton (安井道頓) who had used his personal fortune. This was, and still is, so commonly believed that in 1915 (Taisho 4) an engraved stone monument was erected for Yasui Doton at the north side of Nipponbashi.

It took a judicial trial to re-discover the truth. Yasui Doton was determined to be a fictional character during the so-called Dotonbori Trial (道頓堀裁判) in 1965 (Showa 40). The trial was started over ownership rights of the canal by Asao Yasui (安井朝雄), a descendent of the apprentice Yasui Douboku.3

80320-6909 - Stone monument for Nariyasu Doton
A stone monument at Nihonbashi bridge in Osaka in 2008, incorrectly claiming that Osaka's famous Dotonbori canal was built by Nariyasu Doton.

The canal is still there, one of the few waterways in Osaka that was not filled in during Osaka’s frenzied industrialization. Unfortunately, it doesn’t resemble the view on Farsari’s photograph at all anymore.

Celebrated canal cities like Venice, Amsterdam and Bruges have built a rich lifestyle and a thriving tourist industry around their romantic canals and narrow roads.

Osaka however, saw its waterways, including Dotonbori, more as a liability than an asset. Incredibly, they were pushed out of sight whenever possible.

Even though Osaka promoted itself as a Water City and the Venice of the East, buildings were actually built with their backs facing the water during the 20th century.

Waterways were either filled in and transformed into crowded motor-ways or hidden below hideous elevated highways. Virtually no hotels and restaurants have taken advantage of Osaka’s waterways and there are shockingly few places where you can really relax and enjoy Osaka’s rivers and canals.

Around the turn of the century, some people finally started to realize that this had been a terrible mistake. In 2001, when urban revitalization projects were thought out for Osaka, the city’s waterways were given a little bit more attention.

Among the revitalization projects was a plan to create a 1.3 kilometer pedestrian walkway along the waterways between Minatomachi and Higashi Yokobori. The project was scheduled to be completed in 2010.5

The first 170 m stretch, between Ebisubashi and Tazaemonbashi, was opened in December 2004. Although most shops and restaurants still show their backs to the water here, it is already a wonderful city-centered hideaway where you can take a break from a frantic shopping trip or have a relaxed conversation.

For another view of Ebisubashi, taken from a location on the right side of this photograph, see Ebisubashi Bridge.

Map of Osaka, 1893 (Meiji 26)
1893 (Meiji 26) Map of Osaka: 1. MInami Mido Temple; 2. Yotsubashi Bridges; 3. Shinsaibashi Bridge across the Nagahori Canal; 4. Dotonbori Canal; 5. Ebisubashi Bridge; 6. Namba Station.

see current map

Notes

1 Nagasaki University Library, Database of Old Photographs of Japan. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.

2 Doton Nariyasu is also spelled Douton Nariyasu or Dohton Nariyasu.

3 Osaka Municipal Library, 道頓堀の名の由来について. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.

4 More information about the history of this area at the site of Shinsaibashisuji Kita Shoutengai.

5 Kippo News (2002), Kansai in Focus: Efforts to revitalize urban areas by enhancing appeal of rivers. Retrieved on 2008-02-17.

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Reference for Citations

Duits, Kjeld (). Osaka 1880s: Dotonbori Canal, OLD PHOTOS of JAPAN. Retrieved on October 1, 2022 (GMT) from https://www.oldphotosjapan.com/photos/82/dotonbori-ebisubashi

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