OLD PHOTOS of JAPAN, a photo blog of Japan in the Meiji, Taisho and Showa periods

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Old Photos of Japan
shows photos of Japan between the 1860s and 1930s. In 1854, Japan opened its doors to the outside world for the first time in more than 200 years. It set in motion a truly astounding transformation. As fate would have it, photography had just been invented. As the old country vanished and a new one was born, daring photographers took photos. Discover what life was like with their rare and precious photographs of old Japan.
Recent Comments  
  • Kjeld Duits

    @Rohan Gillett Thank you for your kind and enthusiastic words, Rohan. I am currently taking …

  • Rohan Gillett

    What a fantastic website!! I think I know a lot about Tokyo but feel …

  • Kjeld Duits

    WIll do my best!

  • anil mohan

    more of such pics.

  • David

    Great write up and pics of a significant Tokyo icon..enjoyed reading

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Art of the Japanese Postcard: Masterpieces fom the Leonard A. Lauder Collection • Kendall Brown et al

From the late nineteenth to the early twentieth century, Japan was a vital world center for postcard art. More than just casual mail pieces, these postcards were often designed by prominent artists and had a visual impact that belied their modest format.

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Tokyo 1890s • Nihonbashi Fishmarket

100908-0008 - Tokyo Nihonbashi Fish Market

Boats are docked at the fish market in Tokyo’s Nihonbashi district. If you’d ask someone in Tokyo about this spot now, they will most probably call it a staid business area. This is where the Bank of Japan and the Tokyo Stock Exchange are located. Many financial companies have their headquarters here. Even the department stores in this area—Mitsukoshi and Takashimaya—are seen as a bit conservative.

Yet, until 1923, Nihonbashi housed a colorful and busy fish market, right next to the famous Nihonbashi Bridge, the point from which even today all distances to the capital are measured. Here, at the empire’s navel, for hundreds of years the smell of fish and the shouts of fishermen, brokers and peddlers penetrated the air. Some 300 fish wholesalers were located here.1

From countless small fishing villages, some as far away as Hokkaido, fish arrived here early in the morning every single day of the year. “Piscine types almost as varied and as beautiful as those at the marvelous Naples Aquarium may be seen,” gushed Terry’s Guide to the Japanese Empire in its 1920 edition.2

120821-0016 - Nihonbashi, Tokyo
120821-0016 – A streetcar crosses Nihonbashi bridge, the white buildings on the right constitute the fish-market, ca 1910s.

Some of the fish, dried and salted, was distributed as far as Manchuria and the distant interior of China. But most of the supplies fed the inhabitants of Tokyo, or Edo as it was called until 1868. A good deal of it was fresh. No mean accomplishment at a time when transportation took place on foot, horseback or by boat. Horse drawn carriages were unknown, and even oxcarts were rare. Japanese roads weren’t ready for wheeled transport until well into the 20th century.

Keeping the fish fresh was a challenge. Some routes required constant transferring from boats to horses and back. Sailors transporting fish eventually learnt to preserve premium merchandise by equipping their boats with saltwater tanks. Vendors used tubs or barrels. This custom survives to this day, now using trucks with water tanks and shops with glass aquariums.

By 1721, Edo was the largest city in the world, with an estimated population of 1 million. Lots of mouths to feed. Some areas sent as many as 120 to 130 horses loaded with fish cargo to the city every single day. These fish transports were important. Even the processions of regional lords, which usually required everyone to stop and bow for their lord, would let fish transporters go ahead.3

Men carrying large baskets unloaded the fish from boats docked at the back of the fish market. Vendors carried part of this to shops all over town, while buyers of restaurants and the many huge estates of regional lords purchased large amounts themselves. Then there were the salesmen who peddled fish in tubs suspended on a long shoulder balanced pole, called a tenbinbo. They announced themselves in a loud sing-song voice. A housewife was able recognize the voice of her favorite salesman and be out before he reached her door.

80107-0068 - Men carry buckets with fish at the fish market in Nihonbashi, Tokyo
80107-0068 – Men carry buckets with fish at the Nihonbashi fish market in 1896 (Meiji 29).

It all sounds romantic and nice, but it was a tough life. Fish prices were decided behind closed doors by a few powerful people in the market. This was done in the afternoon after the market closed, so vendors and brokers wouldn’t know what prices they’d have to pay until they’d sold their wares. Prices were far from fair. Vendors and brokers really had to know their business to keep their heads above water.

As Japan started to modernize in the second half of the 19th century, free competition would replace this system and the fish market at Nihonbashi slowly began to loose its important function. Then the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 completely destroyed the barely surviving 300 year old market. It was moved to Tsukiji, nearby Ginza. A modern market was completed here in 1935 and is still used today. This actually saved the market, as it was now organized on modern transparent trading principles.

The bustling Tsukiji Market, officially called Tokyo Metropolitan Central Wholesale Market, is the largest wholesale fish and seafood market in the world. Although best known for its seafood, the market also sells vegetables, fruit, beef and poultry. It handles more than 400 different types of seafood and employs more than 60,000 people. Together with two other Tokyo wholesale markets Tsukiji Market handles an incredible 675,000 tons of marine products a year. But this market is soon coming to an end as well. In 2015, the market will move to new facilities on reclaimed land in Tokyo Bay.


After many postponements, the market finally moved to its new location on Sunday October 7, 2018. The new market in Toyosu opened on Thursday October 11, 2018.

121110-7037 - The fish market in Tsukiji, Tokyo
121110-7037 – The fish market in Tsukiji, Tokyo in 2012.


1 Tomioka, Issei (July 7, 2008). The History of Nihonbashi Uogashi. Part 3: Fish Traveling to Edo. Kikkoman, 5.

2 Terry, T. Philip (1920). Terry’s Guide to the Japanese Empire Including Korea and Formosa. Houghton Mifflin Company, 147.

3 Tomioka, Issei (July 7, 2008). The History of Nihonbashi Uogashi. Part 3: Fish Traveling to Edo. Kikkoman, 9.

Photographer: Henry Strohmeyer
Publisher: Underwood & Underwood
Medium: Stereoview
Image Number 100908-0008

Quote this number when you contact us about licensing this image.
You can also licence this image online: 100908-0008 @ MeijiShowa.com.

Usage of this image requires a reproduction fee.
Reference for Citations

Duits, K. (2013, April 30). Tokyo 1890s • Nihonbashi Fishmarket, Old Photos of Japan. Retrieved on 2021, Sep 26 from https://www.oldphotosjapan.com/photos/784/nihonbashi-fishmarket

Posted by • 2013-04-30

Beautiful old photo, isn’t that river now covered by the expressway?

#000520 · Stu · 2013-05-22

@Stu: Yes, indeed it is. A sad situation.

#000521 · Kjeld Duits · 2013-05-22

Great write up and pics of a significant Tokyo icon..enjoyed reading

#000535 · David · 2013-07-25

more of such pics.

#000548 · anil mohan · 2013-09-18

WIll do my best!

#000549 · Kjeld Duits · 2013-09-18

What a fantastic website!! I think I know a lot about Tokyo but feel really bad not knowing this place existed. Amazing photos of the type I love. Will be coming back very often to check more articles.

Reading this article, it was very interesting to learn how far some of the fish went. Salted fish went as far as Manchuria and western China? My head is spinning from learning that lol.

You’ve created a fantastic learning resource here! Many thanks :)

#000679 · Rohan Gillett · 2020-07-08

@Rohan Gillett Thank you for your kind and enthusiastic words, Rohan.

I am currently taking advantage of the pandemic to work through a backlog of 10,000+ unarchived vintage images of Japan, so I haven’t paid as much attention to the blog as I would like to.

But with all the new treasures I am discovering in my offline archive, I will soon be able to introduce some unique photographs again here!

#000680 · Kjeld Duits (author) · 2020-07-08

Textile help

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