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80110-0006 - Osaka Great Kita Fire of 1909

Osaka 1909
Great Kita Fire

Artist Unknown
Publisher Unknown
Medium Postcard
Period Meiji
Location Osaka
Image No. 80110-0006
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On July 31, 1909 (Meiji 42) a fire broke out at a knit-wear factory in the northern part of Osaka that would continue to rage for 24 hours. It destroyed 122 ha. (301 acres) of the city, the equivalent of 228 football fields.

One of the most scary moments of the day happened around 5:00 PM when thousands of refugees found themselves in front of the Osaka Court of Appeal, trapped between the Dojima River and the rapidly approaching flames. The photographer caught this dramatic moment in this image.

The dark smoke of the fire can be seen over the court building, barely visible on the left, while a crowd with all their belongings is in front. All the buildings in this image would soon be reduced to ashes.

Four employees of the court couldn’t escape in time and were killed in the fire, but the people along the river did manage to escape. Albeit without the household goods they had tried so hard to safe. They had to leave all their belongings behind. Later, from a safe distance, they helplessly watched them burn on the quay.

This photo was later sent around the country as a postcard. Postcards in those days fulfilled the function that the news media and social network sites have today. Japanese newspapers did already carry photographs at this time, but they were not very large yet.

Thanks to that custom, however, we can now once again shiver with horror as we contemplate the fate of the court employees who must still have been alive when the photographer took this shot.

Map of Great Kita Fire in Osaka, 1909
A map showing the area devastated by the fire (colored red), published in August, 1909 (Meiji 42). 1. Shijimi River (later filled in with the rubble); 2. Osaka Station; 3. Osaka Court of Appeal; 4. Oebashi Bridge connecting Dojima with Nakanoshima (the bridge burned down in the fire); 5. Dojima River and Naniwabashi Bridge; 6. Origin of fire; 7. Osaka Castle.

For more information about this devastating fire, read Osaka 1909 • Great Kita Fire.

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Reference for Citations

Duits, Kjeld (). Osaka 1909: Great Kita Fire, OLD PHOTOS of JAPAN. Retrieved on October 3, 2022 (GMT) from

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