OLD PHOTOS of JAPAN, a photo blog of Japan in the Meiji, Taisho and Showa periods

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shows photos of Japan between the 1860s and 1930s. In 1854, Japan opened its doors to the outside world for the first time in more than 200 years. It set in motion a truly astounding transformation. As fate would have it, photography had just been invented. As the old country vanished and a new one was born, daring photographers took photos. Discover what life was like with their rare and precious photographs of old Japan.
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Osaka 1880s • Matsushima Brothels

Matsushima Brothel District, Osaka

Employees stand between jinrikisha (rickshaws) parked in front of impressive brothels in Osaka’s Matsushima red light light district. Matsushima was created in 1868 (Meiji 1), nearby Osaka’s foreign settlement of Kawaguchi. The brothel district was established the following year.

Just a few years later, in 1872 (Meiji 5), Osaka Prefectural government started construction on a new Prefecture building, designed by the English architect Walters, on nearby Enokojima. This building was finished in July 1874 (Meiji 7) and used until November 1926 (Taisho 15). The closely located foreign enclave, the lively red light disctrict and the Western style Prefecture building, briefly shared with Osaka City government, must have made this corner of Osaka quite an interesting place to visit.

As the area was newly developed, it required a new name. The name Matsushima was derived from two of the villages that were merged to create the red light district: Matsugabana (松ヶ鼻) and Terashima (寺島).

At Matsushima’s highest point of popularity in 1921 (Taisho 10), some 4,000 women worked here in 275 multistoried buildings (楼閣) with a main street of some 12 meters wide by 360 meters long.

Over the years, Matsushima managed to overcome a lot of adversity: it was partly destroyed by fire in 1885 (Meiji 18), most foreigners living in the Kawaguchi foreign settlement had moved to Kobe by 1899 (Meiji 32) and in 1926 (Taisho 15) it was the scene of a spectacular money scandal involving several respected Osaka politicians.

The worst came in 1945 (Showa 20) when the area was completely destroyed during fire-bombings by US planes. After the war, the former red light district was turned into Matsushima Park and a new red light district was created to the west of the park. It managed a fairly successful comeback, although it never became as big as it used to be.

After the the Anti-Prostitution Law (売春防止法) was promulgated in 1958 (Showa 33), the brothels organized themselves as the Matsushima Ryori Kumiai (Association of Matsushima Cuisine) and managed to continue their prostitution business under this misleading monicker.

The area is now one of nine Kansai districts where prostitution is still openly practiced, another one being Tobita. It appears that one of men’s most basic urges is not easily extinguished.

Osaka West Map 1877
1877 (Meiji 10) Map of Osaka: 1. Dojima; 2. Dojimagawa; 3. Nakanoshima; 4. Tosaborigawa; 5. Nishi Yokobori; 6. Nishi Honganji (Kita Mido); 7. Kawaguchi Kyoryuchi; 8. Enokojima; 9. Higashi Honganji (Minami Mido); 10. Matsushima; 11. Nagahori; 12. Shinsaibashi; 13. Dotonbori; 14. Ebisubashi

Photographer: Unknown
Publisher: Unknown
Medium: Albumen Print
Image Number 80115-0023

Quote this number when you contact us about licensing this image.
You can also licence this image online: 80115-0023 @ MeijiShowa.com.

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Reference for Citations

Duits, K. (2008, March 20). Osaka 1880s • Matsushima Brothels, Old Photos of Japan. Retrieved on 2021, Aug 03 from https://www.oldphotosjapan.com/photos/122/matsushima-red-light-district

Posted by • 2008-03-20
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